These are pictures I took in the Smokies during July when I visited E. Tn. for the BHS '65 40th reunion.

They are a old one-room schoolhouse; samples of a "chainsaw artist" work, and shots of one of my favorite spots anywhere - I've loved it since I was a kid - it dramatizes the immense power of "mountain building" showing sedimentary rock bent from enormous force under high pressure and temperature. It's on the road from Townsend into the Park.

This area would have been thousands of feet below the surface when the Appalacian chain was upthrust by the collision of Europe and North America - before they separated again opening up the current Atlantic Ocean, with the Appalacians running northeasterly to Maine and Nova Scotia, then continuing in Scotland.

To top it off, I discovered on this trip, when I stopped to take the pictures I've wanted for the better part of 50 years, and made a close-ip inspection, that the rock is sandstone - East Tennessee sandstone - the same structure as our Crab Orchard Sandstone fireplace shown below. You can see the tans, browns, and oranges showing through the overlay of iron oxide making it all look like dull old rock when viewed from a distance.

Crab Orchard is some 70 miles or so from this location, so it is the same sandstone bed, just farther from the center of the mountains (and thus accessible for quarrying). At higher elevations the Smokies are mostly granite, which was pushed up and over the sandstone.

You can see a nearly-horizontal section bowed upward and nosing down to the right under another section which has been pushed up to a near-vertical orientation - and much-mangled in the process. It's like a huge, extremely slow motion car crash with one plowing under another and tossing it upward. You can see plenty of areas where the rock has bent and bowed. This occurs at extremely high temperatures and pressures, and the rock will fuse back together after a section slides under, over, or into another, leaving the dramatic contrasts you see in the fireplace, like the one below left, and in place just above the iron pot.
Chainsaw - Jacque's "corner bear' is shown just before I 'adopted' him.
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Sandstone
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School
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